New Cummins Is Ready for 2016 Nissan Titan XD

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By Peter Hubbard

We recently toured the Cummins engine plant in Columbus, Ind., where a dedicated assembly line is about to start cranking out all-new 5.0-liter V-8 turbo-diesel engines for the redesigned 2016 Nissan Titan XD pickup truck. And by the looks of things, like this could be a great match.

Depending on the exact version, the engine will produce 315 horsepower plus a healthy 555 pounds-feet of torque. While that number may seem low compared to the 900 pounds-feet of torque produced by the bigger 6.7-liter Cummins found in Ram heavy-duty trucks, this V-8 offers some interesting technology (see video below) like a brand-new two-stage Holset M2 turbocharging system. The system offers Low Pressure and High Pressure modes, which engage at specific rpms and speeds to produce the highest performance possible, all based on demand. The result is a torque band shaped more like a box instead of your average bell curve. 

"Ever since we first imagined the engine, we've been working with various OEMs [original equipment manufacturers] to get customer feedback," said Tim Britt, Cummins chief engineer for light-duty engines. "What they all told us they wanted was more fuel efficiency and less pollution — so we began development work on a second diesel truck engine with a cleaner combustion process and lower emissions." Cummins began building the first prototypes for this smaller V-8 turbo-diesel in early 2002.

"Around the same time we moved production of our 15.0-liter commercial truck engine to the Jamestown Engine Plant in Lakewood, New York, to make room at the Columbus plant. Then in 2006 we reached an agreement with a potential buyer to provide our new 5.0-liter V-8 turbo-diesel for their next-generation vehicle," Britt said. "At that point we began preparing the assembly line that still includes part of the original Cummins foundry built in the 1920s, which has part of its original wood ceiling intact."

All 5.0-liter Cummins engines will come from the factory using a 10W-30 non-synthetic motor oil, with 40-weight synthetic recommended for exceptionally cold climates. In Canada and Alaska, Titans also will be equipped with block heaters. Weight was reduced, according to Britt, by building the cylinder block out of compacted graphite iron, which is stronger and lighter than traditional iron. Other lightweight engine components were added, including high-strength aluminum-alloy heads and composite valve covers. The graphite iron block along with the dual overhead camshafts contributes to the engine's improved noise, vibration and harshness characteristics. The new Cummins 5.0-liter V-8 turbo-diesel exhaust system uses a particulate filter, diesel exhaust fluid and selective catalytic reduction that enable the engine to run cleaner. That technology also serves a second purpose — reducing typical diesel noise.

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The new engine also features a Bosch high pressure common rail fuel system to deliver precise fuel control with multiple piezo injections per combustion stroke, which helps increase efficiency and further reduces traditional diesel clatter. Finally, the advanced, maintenance-free Bosch ceramic glow plugs provide quick engine starts even in extremely low temperatures, permitting push-button starts within two seconds.

From station one to final inspection, the engine requires just less than eight hours to build and will typically be in Nissan's Canton, Miss., Titan assembly plant within 30 hours of being built.

At startup, the Cummins assembly line will employ 108 people working five-day, 38-hour shifts. We were told Cummins anticipates building at least 13,000 engines for Nissan the first year, but has the potential to crank out up to 100,000 engines with a three-shift workforce. While the engine will be the key feature in the Titan XD, it's also suitable for recreational vehicles, small buses, light delivery vehicles and marine applications. In fact, the first Cummins 5.0-liter V-8s will be heading to Alabama, rather than Mississippi, to be mounted in a new line of Tiffin RVs.

The new Cummins V-8 is also designed to be more fun to drive, with about 45 percent more torque at cruising speed than similarly sized gasoline V-8 engines. And its low-revving power band requires less downshifting, so it will save even more fuel when towing or carrying heavy loads.

"Since the majority of full-size pickup owners only drive a little more than 10,000 miles a year, fuel economy is critical. Titan's XDs are projected to provide 20 percent better fuel economy than a similar-sized gasoline-powered V-8 when towing full loads," Britt said.

Of course, actual fuel economy figures will not be available until closer to the Titan's on-sale date late this year, and if some of the models have a gross vehicle weight rating more than 8,500 pounds, the government does not require Nissan to list fuel economy numbers. Some are hoping Nissan will still submit those trucks for EPA certification regardless of their GVWR.

While journalists were not allowed to drive the prototype Nissan Titan XD on display at the plant tour, the engine was started and given a few revs. Cummins' noise-reduction efforts were clearly evident. Also, there was no detectable odor or visible smoke coming from the exhaust.

As interesting as the Cummins plant tour was, we can only speculate about whether this engine and new truck combination will resonate with buyers. This new strategy of making a "heavy-duty" half-ton with its uniquely reinforced frame, chassis and powertrain (a six-speed heavy-duty Aisin automatic transmission will back up the Cummins) is truly an interesting gamble. But with fuel prices as low as they've been in a long while and the pickup truck segment selling at record levels, the timing for this marriage might be perfect. We'll have more once we get behind the wheel.

Cars.com photos by Peter Hubbard and Mark Williams

 

Holset Turbocharger

 

 

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Comments

I actually saw one of the new Titans when my wife and I were out in Arizona and driving from Phoenix up towards Payson. We pulled off to make a stop and in driving by this Sonic I saw a red Titan and asked my wife to humor me for a minute. I saw a quad/crew cab Titan, it has a small yellow sticker on the fuel filler door that said 'Diesel Fuel Only'. It had some camo on the badging and such, both on the grill/hood area, and on the fenders. The driver was pulling a gooseneck trailer of decent size. I waited for 20 minutes hoping the driver would show but he never showed up and we had to get moving. I did take some pictures, however to prove I saw it. Can we post photos or anything in these threads?

2002? It took them only 14 years to put this engine on the road? It will have modern gadgets attached to it but how modern will the core be?
I wonder who the potential buyer was in '06. Was it Nissan? The Titan was introduced in '04 I believe, so maybe?

I will definitely be giving this Titan a serious look when I replace my 2008 Chevrolet, very impressive powertrain, for a half ton, I just wonder what the final price will be?

This niche truck is built for people like me. I tow recreationally about 24 times per year (car trailer). I don't need 900# of torque, rather, I need reliability and fuel efficiency (range).

We need to talk more about reliability on this forum. I hope Nissan nails it and the other marques follow so we have some competition that helps the average joe like me pay a competitive price for a truck that can tow.

This was supposed to go into the Ram but Ram declined because of the engine's poor fuel economy and high cost.

Another website reported that the Titan xd will be over 8500 gvw so it prolly won't carry an EPA rating as it will be a 3/4 ton. Most likely in my guess is that this Titan will pull mpg's similar to the later 5.9 cummins in a ram 3/4 tons. With similar power to those models..... Like 2005 or 6 model year dodge cummins 2500. U will still be able to get a 1/2 ton Titan but not with a diesel. Also a awesome feature on the Titan xd is when hooked to a trailer you can take your key fob once hooked up and go behind the trailer and hit a button and it will go through all the blinkers and lights while you are behind watching the trailer.

SR - I am sure you are referring to the sonic next to the casino outside of payson on highway 87? I have seen alot of them running without camo lately, just a cover on the badge. Alot of truck manufacturers use that highway for testing. I've been seeing alot of camo'd GMCs up and down there.

We all have seen the new Titans so we know what they look like.

Bottom line is this could really be a great truck!

Im excited for this. if you can plow snow with it just like a 3/4 ton SFA or GM it will be a huge hit in the north east! Guys are fitting ecoboosts with plows and they dont plow snow well but, they do tow great and get good fuel economy. I own one with a few other trucks. mine will get 23-25 MPG on a flat highway empty no wind for as long as those conditions keep. It also tows great. This will be a step up for sure! i would bet 24 mpg unloaded highway but more often in conditions not being perfect. and better towing. if the front end can handle a plow Watch these sell out at max capacity!

I bet you will see this engine swapped into other 1/2 ton trucks. The 5.9 Cummins is still a very popular engine to swap. Diesel engines before all the E.P.A. choking crap are the most popular.

"2002? It took them only 14 years to put this engine on the road?"

Posted by: Gregory J. | Sep 6, 2015 8:56:57 AM

You most think its easy to develop a power plant from scatch. This is Cummins so it proves these things take time to do right. Why spend millions of dollars in R&D with no customer to finance it?

Even if you did get 24 mpg on the highway you would only be saving a couple hundred a year and then you must calculate for def, increased maintenance costs, etc.

Then add in for the thousands extra for the diesel engine. You don't need this truck if you are worried about fuel economy. You will never get your money back.

And at 2000 lb max payload this is not really anthing like a max capacity truck. 2000 max minus options means you will be in the 1700 1800 lb range light on capability compared to a real 3/4 ton or a real HD half ton. I just don't see the white space that this truck is supposed to go into.

Even if you did get 24 mpg on the highway you would only be saving a couple hundred a year and then you must calculate for def, increased maintenance costs, etc.

Then add in for the thousands extra for the diesel engine. You don't need this truck if you are worried about fuel economy. You will never get your money back.

And at 2000 lb max payload this is not really anthing like a max capacity truck. 2000 max minus options means you will be in the 1700 1800 lb range light on capability compared to a real 3/4 ton or a real HD half ton. I just don't see the white space that this truck is supposed to go into.

SR, they will not let you post pictures or accept any pictures of any concepts or camo concepts. I tried a few years ago as I took some of several trucks in full camo hauling trailers in the Colorado mountains before this site even reported that they existed. It has to be one of their contract companies for some reason....

A light duty 3/4 will work but they need to increased the max payload to 3000 so you will actually end up with a 2000 lb payload at worst.

This Titan will not be my next truck.

@HEMI, A truck does not necessarily have to have a huge payload to get heavy work done. Trucks can tow much more than they can haul. One can easily rent a trailer or buy one. Trailer's are much easier to load than a 4x4 truck. Truck will ride a lot better on and off rode when not hauling or towing. Work smarter not harder. Also if you don't have time to off load you can dump the trailer and you're home free.

13000 engines for the first year. Expensive niche market this titan will be.
For pricing my breath I am not holding.

13,0000 engines in a year? That has to be a typo. Ford sells more trucks than that in a WEEK. This truck is going to be expensive and rare.

HEMI V8, Yes they do need more than 1700 lb payload to get heavy work done. Do the math. Also, trailers are an option but are a hassle. It is much easy to carry a load in the bed.

A truck is always better than a trailer. The main reason should be obvious but here goes:

The facts that its easier to steal your trailer with ALL of the gear in it than it is to break into truck and steal it one piece at a time.

They cut the lock on the trailer and hook up. Boom everything gone.

The break into the van and they will have to hotwire the truck to steal everything so they just break in and get what they can get.

Always a truck. hehe We have 2 trailers.

Also a truck is easier to haul in. I like the freedom of not having a trailer hooked up.

@HEMI V8, Great post! You're always thinking.

This engine was supposed to go into the Dodge Ram. But Chrysler declined because they were broke and needed the bailout and subsequent bankruptcy. Stop drinking the poor mileage koolaid.

The real reason Chrysler turned down what was then the 5.6 v8 Cummins diesel was the Fiat takeover. They wanted to use their own VM Motori engine. I also think the 3.0 is better suited to the Ram 1500 application.

@Todd

Hahaha glad you said it. Chrysler is so desperate FCA is begging GM for a merger. The truck will be an all around good player.

Trailer tongue weight is payload... That is why ram has worse in class 1/2 ton tow ratings and have midsize tow capacity. This Nissan xd is going to be a fullsize 3/4 ton but with a small motor and a lot less power then the market it will compete in. Prolly a 20 mph rig compared to the 16 or 17 mpg's of a 3/4 ton diesel from ford, ram and gm.

If the sell 13k of these they will easily outsell the ecodiesel as those don't sell well.

3 problems with this truck
1) It will have decent fuel economy, not great fuel economy, the other 2016 trucks will beat it.
2) It will be less capable than a 2016 F-150 HD
3) It will be less capable than a 2017 F-250

The nitch is not a HD halfton. Don't drink the koolaid.

The real nitch is for people who want a foreign truck with a diesel. This is for them and a very small nitch.

I do like this Cummins. I wonder Toyota are still looking at fitting it into the Tundra.

I wonder why Nissan didn't do the same as Ford had done with the F-100 of old?

Ford made a heavy duty version of the F-100 and called it the F-250.

That's why the larger trucks are called heavy duty pickups. They were the same pickup as the 1/2 ton trucks, but beefier.

Is a HD of this day and age really a HD? It is a different pickup, so why HD? Just called them a F-250, etc.

4) It will also be less capable than a 2016 F-150 Max Tow (non HD)

5) You'll also pay more for fuel than a 2016 F-150 Max Tow and maybe get worse mpg

I hope the Diesel Titan become a hit , maybe that will get GM 1500 and Ford F 150 going with their Diesels to the market.

Louis,
I do think many who buy the ISV Cummins powered Titan would of been looking at 250/2500 HDs, the lighter ones, not a F-150 or 1500.

These will offer far better FE than a light HD. So it would make sense to seriously consider one.

555ftlb can move a lot of weight. I did read that the ISV Cummins Titan will tow over 14 000lbs.

Scott,
Quit it. These rigs will get better FE than a halfton and better capability. Phord is going to lose market share here. I am also hearing that aluminum SD will be delayed because of this.

Ford will be number two and will not end up with the same level of sales as even Toyota.

Ford hasn't flopped yet, but it isn't going as well as Ford would of hoped for.

I would like to see their profit results for the year. This will be a tell tale on how long Ford can offer great incentives/rebates on the new aluminium F-150.

That's why I think they will slow down the aluminium SuperDuty's introduction.

Unless people know what the truck can handle its all speculation. If this can plow snow just like a regular HD it will be a big deal! Tow 14k? thats about perfect! my tractor weighs 7klbs with loaded tires and loader. put that on a big ultimate bwise dump gooseneck and its right where it needs to be! if it can plow is the big deal. All the HD trucks right now plow really well! Gm seems to have a very good setup and its IFS in the front. This just needs the same ability to carry weight. throw 1000lbs of sand bags in the rear with a regular 8ft straight blade and i would run it... I hate to say it but the current HD diesels arent appealing. many are just plain problematic for guys i know that tow daily with them. they dont tow far enough is the issue. A dump trailer full of roof shingles is heavy so it sorda does warrant the purchase of the diesel.. enclosed trailers full of tools for carpentry that weighs in to a category where its almost borderline heavy for a halfton and not going to make the hd diesel work hard enough to keep it from choking up. Think this might be a big sell for lots of guys that use trucks for work. its the plowing part that does effect lots of guys too though in purchase decision.

GM is supposed to have a 6.2 with 8 speed in the 2500hd and that will be a very interesting combo for its ability to tow and haul. If ford introduces a more powerful gas motor and multi speed tranny to compete with the 8 speed that will also be where this titan has trouble. People will need to decide if 12-14mpg while being used for work is ok or if 16-20mpg is good enough out of this? current trucks when being worked are around 12mpg and that is halfton. the 6.0 v8, v10,6.2v8 ford, hemi in any size, when being worked do not get good mileage! i use them. they are great reliable engines that never falter. They dont get better than 10 while being worked and with the v10 i have gotten 6mpg a few days.

I would like this 5.0 cummins in a work truck reg cab f350 with leaf springs Personally! i would be very happy with just that. oh yeah roll up windows and AM radio, and floor shift 4x4, NOW WE ARE TALKING!

For a second I thought it was a picture of the front end of a 2013-14 f150. lol

The towing and payloads of this truck are under ideal conditions. No options, 2wd, empty, etc.

A 7000 pounds 5er will have 1400 pounds of pin weight, maybe 1750 pounds. You need a 200 pounds hitch that sits in your bed too. Then you and anyone else you camp with. Very few half tons have that kind of payload, and this truck will have trouble staying in the numbers.

A truck with a 2000 MAX payload rating on a "HD halfton" is under ideal conditions and will have less in 4wd, with options, etc. Then add for passengers and cargo.

Kinda reminds me of the Ecodiesel with its 10,000 lb tow rating and 1000 lb payloads. I don't care what the Nissan or trailer ot snow plow salesmen say, a 1/2 ton truck like this is NOT the right platform for this. You are adding 200 pounds in the bed for the hitch, PLUS the pin weight of a 5er is a lot higher percentage of the trailer's weight than the tongue weight percentage of a bumper pull. Leave the heavy work for the 3/4 and 1 ton guys

Realistically this truck will be good for 5000 or 6000 lb trailers max. It will not compete with HD trucks, and the diesel option will be too expensive for most half ton users.

A truck does not necessarily have to have a payload to get heavy work done. Trucks can tow much more than they can haul. One can easily rent a trailer or buy one. Trailer's are much easier to load than a 4x4 truck. Truck will ride a lot better on and off rode when not hauling or towing. Work smarter not harder. Also if you don't have time to off load you can dump the trailer and you're home free.
Posted by: HEMI V8 | Sep 6, 2015 11:00:30 AM


Preach it. Trucks don't need payload.

"I think that Ram is the new benchmark and compass pointing the direction all of the automakers will head towards." - Lou

In all honesty the Ram 1500, EcoDiesel would be the next best option from a business and maintenance perspective. I'd expect a lot of "maintenance perspective" to be quite probable.

Procuring spares is the biggest issue when you grey import. The Ram is very similar to the Grand Cherokee diesel we have here. Even the suspension is doable as ARB and TJM are Australian companies.

The problem is with the Ram it's a FCA product and our Grand Cherokee's are not the best you can buy. They have niggling issues.

I'd say the Ram wouldn't be much different. I want to buy a vehicle and not have to worry about these types of problems.

I should be in the north west and down in the deserts of California in the more rural areas. So vehicle the size of the Titan would be ideally suited. I'll have to investigate the tax implications and all the other downside issues with grey importing. This would be new territory I'll be entering.

I'd look at a high end 4x4 dual cab.

The front end looks a little odd, but nothing a bull bar can't fix.

As Aaron alluded to the XD variant will take sales away from the Big 2 and FCA in the lighter HD segment.

This is a heavier truck than the F-150, so it will tow better if that floats your boat. It seems many decide that the more you can tow the better the pickup.

I'd expect it's FE to be better than the 3.5 EcoBoost and around the same as the 2.7 EcoBoost in real life driving not those ambitious EPA figures touted.

@Mark Williams
You seem to be an advocate of a gasser V8.

Why don't you pass on comments stating that most should buy a gasser V6, due to the usage of most pickups?

Diesel will be similar to a V8, people who only drive short distances will profit from a gas engine.

Lots of people buy a V8 for the V8 experience. Diesel is the same.

I've been thinking about the Titan's and Tundra's and I do think the one truck will come as Class 2 and Class 3 pickups. The Class 3 versions will come with these V8 Cummins.

I think the Big 2 and Fiat will have some competition in the lower end of the HD market. This is a smart move by Nissan and Tundra. There will be plenty of demand for the Cummins Titan and Tundra.

Hino diesel's are too heavy for this application. Toyota as I've stated don't have any decent diesel's in production.

Cummins is making good use of their products.

@Mark Williams
You seem to be an advocate of a gasser V8.

Why don't you pass on comments stating that most should buy a gasser V6, due to the usage of most pickups?

Diesel will be similar to a V8, people who only drive short distances will profit from a gas engine.

Lots of people buy a V8 for the V8 experience. Diesel is the same.

I've been thinking about the Titan's and Tundra's and I do think the one truck will come as Class 2 and Class 3 pickups. The Class 3 versions will come with these V8 Cummins.

I think the Big 2 and Fiat will have some competition in the lower end of the HD market. This is a smart move by Nissan and Tundra. There will be plenty of demand for the Cummins Titan and Tundra.

Hino diesel's are too heavy for this application. Toyota as I've stated don't have any decent diesel's in production.

Cummins is making good use of their products.

I think this truck will do well, although it looks like Ford may be working on a heavy half diesel. If so that will hurt Nissan to some extent. The Cummins name is proven.

@HEMI V8, The Ram heavy duty line is due for a minor update in 2016 and a major update in 2017. For the light-duty, we believe this is the 2018 model year. We do not know when the much-rumored “PUG” Pentastar engine upgrade will appear.

http://www.allpar.com/history/chrysler-years/C21/2016.html

@HEMI V8, Wait for the major update to the 2017 Power Wagon.

@HEMI V8, It looks like the RAM Heavy Duty Trucks will be getting a minor update in 2016 and a major update in 2018.

"...Ram did lay out its schedule for updates. The brand’s 1500 pickup will be getting a minor update in 2015 and a major update in 2017.
When it comes to heavy duties, Ram’s 2500 and 3500 will receive a minor update in 2016 and a major update in 2018."

Check out the article:
Ram Reveals Future Product Plans » AutoGuide.com News

Gives us all a few more years to save up our pennies!

http://www.cumminsforum.com/forum/2013-general-discussion/1187305-ram-reveals-future-truck-plans-major-update-coming-2018-a.html

This is good timing for me. Sounds like daddy may be getting a 2018 Ram HD.

@HEMI V8, I meant wait for the 2018 Power Wagon. This works for me I buy a new truck every 15 years.

I wonder if there has been any more news on the 2018 Ram HDs.



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